Mongolia’s natural resources. Burdening or benefiting democracy?
|Author||Both Ends, P.Jansen|
From the publication:
Mongolia’s natural resources, burdening or benefiting democracy? How energy democracy should come on a Mongolian horse or camel Summary The European Union, the government of the Netherlands as well as other western governments and institutions have the ambition to help democratize the countries that belonged to the former Soviet Union. However, their policies over the last twenty-five years have failed to do so, and in many cases have even had the opposite effect. Economic self-interest and geostrategic considerations in practice take precedence over the mission of democratization. Investments by the EU and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in the former Soviet countries are mostly focused on mining and large-scale infrastructure for the export of natural resources. International public banks and EU aid and trade treaties have imposed the liberalization of prices, opening of markets and privatization of stateowned enterprises in countries such as Russia, Ukraine and Mongolia, a country under former Soviet influence.
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