Geological Disposal Facilities – European Perspective
|Author||Nuclear Energy Insider, DECC, IGDTP|
|Classification||6.01.5.51/95 (WASTE - STORAGE ON LAND (f.i. SALT / CLAY) (INCL. SYNROC))|
From the publication:
Geological Disposal Facilities – European Perspective A report in conjunction with the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the Implementing Geological Disposal Technology Platform (IGDTP) Including: An 8 page report outlining key GDF challenges, statistics, information on the biggest projects and insight from leading GDF experts Two exclusive interviews with DECC and IGD-TP Geological Disposal: Background With the global market for nuclear decommissioning, waste treatment and disposal valued at over £250billion the issue of ultimate disposal is a clear priority for the international nuclear industry. This is not likely to change, with new nuclear power spend set to reach £600billion over the next 20 years the amount of radioactive waste can only increase. Geological disposal, consisting of deep underground waste repositories, is often regarded as the safest and most secure solution to this lasting challenge. 25 of the 43 countries who will ultimately have to deal with this challenge have determined geological disposal as the answer and have some form of geological disposal plan in place, albeit at different stages of progress. Deep disposal routes are currently being actively implemented in Canada, France, Finland and Sweden. The principle of geological disposal is to isolate the waste deep inside a suitable rock formation to ensure that no significant or harmful quantities of radioactivity ever reach the surface environment. Geological disposal is a multi-barrier approach, based on placing packaged wastes in engineered tunnels at a depth of between 200m and 1000m underground, to protect them from disruption by man-made or natural events (e.g. flooding, coastal erosion, earthquakes or terrorist action) which primarily affect the surface.