Establishment of Uranium Mining and Processing Operations in the Context of Sustainable Development
|Classificatie||6.01.2.20/111 (URANIUM - WINNING/VOORRAAD/PRIJS)|
Uit de publicatie:
ESTABLISHMENT OF URANIUM MINING AND PROCESSING OPERATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT © IAEA, 2009 July 2009 STI/PUB/1401 SUMMARY This report focuses on the criteria necessary for the sustainable development of uranium mining and processing operations in the context of the four cornerstones of sustainable development, namely: —Environment; —Social issues; —Economics, and; —Governance. The criteria for ensuring sustainable development within each of these four areas is outlined, and the subject of legacy issues and timescales over which an industry should be considered sustainable are discussed. A sustainable industry is one that balances environmental, social and economic requirements. Concentration on only one aspect is certain to cause conflict with the others. For example, focusing exclusively on environmental protection can make an operation unprofitable and a failing business will lose shareholders and be unable to develop and meet its social obligations. However, the emphasis on particular aspects will vary with the specific operation and its local physical and social environment. Proper governance will have in place the structures required to permit achievement of an appropriate balance. As the world’s population continues to grow at a rapid rate, so too does the demand for electricity. Nuclear power has for the past two decades generated approximately 15–16% of the global electricity supply, and is seen as an attractive potential alternative to fossil fuels. Uranium is the basic raw material for manufacturing nuclear fuel. Therefore, to fuel currently operating and forthcoming nuclear power reactors it is fundamental to ensure a sustainable supply of uranium.
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