Inventory of Radioactive Material Resulting from Historical Dumping, Accidents and Losses at Sea
|Classificatie||6.01.5.52/26 (AFVAL - DUMPEN IN ZEE)|
Uit de publicatie:
Inventory of Radioactive Material Resulting from Historical Dumping, Accidents and Losses at Sea For the Purposes of the London Convention 1972 and London Protocol 1996 IAEA-TECDOC-1776 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY VIENNA, 2015 1. INTRODUCTION The Report of the United Nations Conference on Human Environment held in Stockholm in 1972  defined general principles for environmental protection. One of the principles specifically addressed the protection of the marine environment by the development of a set of “General Principles for Assessment and Control of Marine Pollution”. Pursuant to Recommendation 86 of the Stockholm Conference, these principles for assessment and control of marine pollution were forwarded to an Inter-Governmental Conference held in London in 1972. This conference subsequently adopted the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (initially known as the London Dumping Convention but now as the London Convention). Currently 87 States are Contracting Parties to the London Convention. In 1996 a protocol was agreed for the purpose of modernizing the London Convention and eventually replacing it. The protocol is known as the London Protocol and currently has 45 State parties. The London Convention entered into force on 30 August 1975 and the London Protocol on 24 March 20061. The Contracting Parties to the London Convention and Protocol agree to “promote the effective control of all sources of pollution of the marine environment, and pledge themselves especially to take all practicable steps to prevent the pollution of the sea by the dumping of wastes and other matter that is liable to create hazards to human health, to harm living resources and marine life, to damage amenities or to interfere with other legitimate uses of the sea” . Contracting Parties to the London Convention and Protocol designated the IAEA as the competent international authority in matters related to sea disposal of radioactive waste and entrusted IAEA with specific responsibilities, as follows: to define high level radioactive wastes or other high level radioactive matter unsuitable for dumping at sea, as listed in Annex I to the Convention; to recommend a basis for issuing special permits for dumping other radioactive materials listed in Annex II to the Convention.
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