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IAEA Illicit Trafficking Database


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IAEA Illicit Trafficking Database (ITDB)

The IAEA started to collect information on nuclear trafficking in 1993. In 1995, the Illicit Trafficking Database
(ITDB) became operational following a decision of the IAEA Board of Governors. Between January 1993 and
December 2003, the ITDB had recorded a total of 884 incidents involving illicit trafficking in nuclear and other
radioactive materials, of which 540 incidents were confirmed by States. The ITDB membership has expanded from
25 in 1995 to 75 in the end of 2003.

The ITDB was established to facilitate exchange of authoritative information on illicit trafficking in nuclear and
other radioactive materials among States. Over the years the database’s purpose has expanded to maintain and
analyse this information with a view to identifying common trends and patterns and assisting States in preventing,
detecting, and responding to illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials and threats thereof. The
ITDB also provides a reliable source of basic information on trafficking incidents to the media.The ITDB contains
information reported or otherwise confirmed to it by the States, and information collected from open sources.
Communication with States participating in the ITDB is maintained through national Points of Contact. The scope
of the database includes incidents, which involve unauthorized acquisition, provision, possession, use, transfer or
disposal of nuclear material and other radioactive material, whether intentional or unintentional and with or without
crossing international borders. In 2003 the ITDB scope was expanded to include incidents, which involve
unsuccessful or thwarted acts involving nuclear and other radioactive material.

ITDB statistics, 1993-2003

Of the 540 illicit trafficking incidents reported or otherwise confirmed to the ITDB between 1993 and December
2003, 182 incidents involved nuclear material, 335 incidents involved radioactive material other than nuclear
material, and 23 incidents involved bot