Publicatie Laka-bibliotheek:
The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2015

AuteurMycle Schneider, Antony Froggatt
Datumjuli 2015
Classificatie (BELANG MONDIAAL)
Opmerking Download the Status Report 2015 from World Nuclear Report

Uit de publicatie:

The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2015
Mycle Schneider
Independent Consultant, Paris, France
Project Coordinator and Lead Author
Antony Frogatt
Independent Consultant, London, U.K.
Lead Author

Julie Hazemann
Director of EnerWebWatch, Paris, France
Documentary Research, Modeling and Graphic Design
Tadahiro Katsuta
Associate Professor, School of Law, Meiji University, Tokyo, Japan
Contributing Author
Nuclear Futures Laboratory & Program on Science and Global Security
Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, U.S.
Contributing Author
Steve Thomas
Professor for Energy Policy, Greenwich University, U.K.
Contributing Author

Paris, London, July 2015
© A Mycle Schneider Consulting Project
Cover page and layout created by Noëlle Papay

The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2015 provides a comprehensive 
overview of nuclear power plant data, including information on operation, 
production and construction. The WNISR assesses the status of new‐build 
programs in current nuclear countries as well as in potential newcomer 
countries. This edition provides an analysis of the evolution of construction 
starts over time. There are also two new chapters, the first describes the 
serious delays of Generation III+ reactor projects (including the EPR, AP1000, 
AES‐2006) and analyses their origins. The second looks at the history and 
development status of so‐called advanced reactors. The Fukushima Status 
Report gives an updated overview of the standing of onsite and offsite 
issues four years after the beginning of the catastrophe.
The Nuclear Power vs. Renewable Energy chapter provides global comparative 
data on investment, capacity, and generation, especially from nuclear, wind
 and solar. 
Finally, Annex 1 presents a country‐by‐country overview of all 31 countries 
operating nuclear power plants, with extended Focus sections on China, France, 
Japan, and the United States. 
Startups and Shutdowns. In 2014, just as in 2013, five reactors started up 
(three in China, one in Argentina, one in Russia) and one was shut down 
(Vermont Yankee in the U.S.). In the first half of 2015, four reactors started 
up in China and one in South Korea, while two were shut down (Doel‐1 in 
Belgium2 and Grafenrheinfeld in Germany).
Operation and Construction Data3 Reactor Operation. There are 31 countries 
operating nuclear power plants in the world.4 A total of 391 reactors (three 
more than a year ago) have a combined installed capacity of 337 GW5 (5 GW more 
than a year ago). Not a single unit generated power in Japan in 2014, and WNISR 
classifies 40 Japanese reactors6 as being in Long‐Term Outage (LTO).7 Besides 
the Japanese reactors, one Swedish reactor (Oskarshamn‐2) meets the LTO criteria 
and its majority owner has called for its early closure. There are two units that 
were in LTO in WNISR2014 that now fall outside the category: one South Korean 
reactor, Wolsong‐1, was restarted in June 2015, and one Indian reactor, Rajasthan‐1, 
is to be decommissioned. Ten reactors at Fukushima Daiichi and Daini are considered 
permanently closed and are therefore not included in the count of operating nuclear 
power plants. As of early July 2015, it appears likely that at the most two reactors 
(Sendai‐1 and ‐2 in Kyushu Prefecture) will restart in Japan during 2015.
The nuclear industry remains in decline: The 391 operating reactors—excluding LTOs—are 
47 fewer than the 2002 peak of 438, while the total installed capacity peaked in 2010 
at 367 GW before declining by 8 percent to 337 GW, which is comparable to levels 
last seen two decades ago. Annual nuclear electricity generation reached 2,410 TWh 
in 2014—a 2.2 percent increase over the previous year, but 9.4 percent below the
 historic peak in 2006. 
Share in Power Mix. The nuclear share of the world’s power generation remained 
stable8 over the past three years, with 10.8 percent in 2014 after declining 
steadily from a historic peak of 17.6 percent in 1996. Nuclear power’s share of 
global commercial primary energy production also remained stable at 4.4 percent, 
the lowest level since 1984.9

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