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Geological Disposal Facilities – European Perspective

AuteurNuclear Energy Insider, DECC, IGDTP
Classificatie (AFVAL - OPSLAG OP LAND (oa ZOUT/KLEI))

Uit de publicatie:

Geological Disposal
Facilities – European Perspective

A report in conjunction with the Department
of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the
Implementing Geological Disposal Technology
Platform (IGDTP)

An 8 page report outlining key GDF challenges, statistics,
information on the biggest projects and insight from leading GDF experts
„„ Two exclusive interviews with DECC and IGD-TP

Geological Disposal: Background
With the global market for nuclear decommissioning, waste treatment and disposal valued
at over £250billion the issue of ultimate disposal is a clear priority for the international
nuclear industry. This is not likely to change, with new nuclear power spend set to reach
£600billion over the next 20 years the amount of radioactive waste can only increase.
Geological disposal, consisting of deep underground waste repositories, is often regarded
as the safest and most secure solution to this lasting challenge. 25 of the 43 countries who
will ultimately have to deal with this challenge have determined geological disposal as the
answer and have some form of geological disposal plan in place, albeit at different stages
of progress. Deep disposal routes are currently being actively implemented in Canada,
France, Finland and Sweden.
The principle of geological disposal is to isolate the waste deep inside a suitable rock
formation to ensure that no significant or harmful quantities of radioactivity ever reach
the surface environment. Geological disposal is a multi-barrier approach, based on placing
packaged wastes in engineered tunnels at a depth of between 200m and 1000m underground,
to protect them from disruption by man-made or natural events (e.g. flooding,
coastal erosion, earthquakes or terrorist action) which primarily affect the surface.