Where and how much Depleted Uranium has been fired?
|Auteur||Laka, H.vd Keur|
|Classificatie||1.01.2.12/19 (LAKA (VML.KERNENERGIEARCHIEF))|
Uit de publicatie:
Where and how much depleted uranium has been fired? March 2001 update of a workshop held at the CADU conference, Manchester, 4 November, 2000 by: Henk van der Keur Laka Foundation, Amsterdam Nuclear fuel chain Depleted uranium (DU) is the by-product of the enrichment of natural uranium. ‘Natural uranium’ is the concentrated product after mining and refining uranium ore. One kilogram of ‘natural uranium’ is obtained from 1000 kg of uranium ore. Only half of this one kilogram is actually released for use. The remaining 999.5 kg is considered as radioactive waste. DU stockpiles United States : 700,000 metric tonnes Currently stored in the form of UF6, stored in cylinders at Paducah, Kentucky, and Portsmouth, Ohio. 160,000 metric tonnes, stored in the form of UO2 and metal Urenco (UK, FRG, NL) : 38,000 metric tonnes Currently stored in the form of UF6 Cogema (France) : 119,900 metric tonnes (dUF6) Stored at Bessines-sur-Gartempe (Haute Vienne) near Limoges US Proving Grounds with DU Test Firing Ranges DU Testing Amount of DU Ethan Allen Firing Range (Vermont) 1969 – 1973 4,500 kg Lake City Ammunition Plant (Missouri) until 1985 3,500 kg China Lake Naval Air Warfare Center (California) 10 years 11,300 kg NM Institute of Mining & Technology (New Mexico) since 1972 --- Los Alamos National Laboratory (New Mexico) 100,000 kg Jefferson Proving Ground (Indiana) 1982 - 1988