Nuclear safety after Chernobyl
|Classificatie||220.127.116.11/01 (TSJERNOBYL - GEVOLGEN REST WERELD - ALGEMEEN)|
Uit de publicatie:
Nuclear Safety After Chernobyl UNDRO NEWS-JULY 1 AUGUST 1986 UNDRO NEWS (ISSN 0250-9377) Published every two months by the Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator (UNDRO). Not an official document. Opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of UNDRO. Editorial The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station last April has focused global attention upon the fundamental problem of how to secure closer international co-operation and exchange of information in responding to disasters which threaten the safety of those living beyond the boundaries of a particular State. The accident has blemished nuclear industry's commendable safety record, and emphasized the vulnerability of people in other countries to the hazards of both direct exposure to ionising radiation and indirect exposure through the food chain. The need for an effective international alert system, to which all nations subscribe, becomes all the more apparent in the light of these events last April. It is well known that natural disasters such as cyclones, tsunamis and earthquakes pay no heed to national frontiers. In the case of nuclear industry, the possibility of a potential accident with international repercussions will increase statistically as more nuclear power plants are commissioned. There are at present more than 370 nuclear power plants in operation in 26 countries. About 760 more are under construction and more than 100 are planned. While the two better known nuclear accidents in the past, at Windscale, United Kingdom in 1957, and at Three Mile Island in the United States in 1979, caused local public concern, that in the Ukraine was not only more serious, but aroused considerable international concern, not only about its effects but also about the future development of nuclear energy itself. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which is responsible for all aspects of nuclear safety and the peaceful uses of atomic energy, is currently engaged in reviewing the validity of emergency plans in the light of the Chernobyl experience, including early warning, mutual emergency assistance and nuclear safety standards.
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